The knot tying skill belongs to the ABC of a decent fisherman. Poorly tied knot can reduce the tensile strength of a line by up to 50%, while well-tied knot can maintain approximately 90% of the line strength. Below is a selection of the most common fishing knots along with tutorial pictures and videos. At first I recommend practicing knots at home in comfortable environment, because by the water bodies, it may not be the best suitable place for practice.
NB! Before tightening the knot, it is advisable to moisten it with saliva, to reduce the wear and the warming of the material caused by friction.
The Arbor Knot
The Arbor Knot is a simple and fast knot, designed to connect a line to a reel spool. The knot is suitable for haspel, multi and fly fishing reel.
The Palomar Knot
The Palomar Knot is a popular knot used to tie hooks, traps, swivel and more. The knot is extremely strong and reliable (retains 95% of the line strength when properly binded) and it´s quite easy to tie. The Palomar knot fits also very well for braided line.
The Improved Clinch Knot
The Improved Clinch Knot is also one of the most common knots. It is used on some purpose as Palomar Knot. It is easy and fast to tie and when well tied, it retains 85-90% of the lines strength. If the Advanced Clinch Knot is made with two sets of loops in the beginning, it will become Trilene Knot, which maintains 95% of the lines strength. The Trilene Knot was developed by Berkley company for its Trilene monofilament fishing line. Some believe that this knot is better suited for a monofilament fishing line, because it tends to slip when using braided line. For both knots, it is important to ensure that the twists don´t overlap, because it weakens the knot (knot will cut itself). It´s also recommended to moisten the knot before tightening.
The Rapala Knot
The purpose of the Rapala Knot is to attach the monofilament fishing line directly to the lure. This knot lets the lure play freely and naturally. However, it also retains most of the strength of the line.
The Albright Knot
The Albright´s Knot is designed to connect two lines with each other. It´s a universal knot that can be used to connect lines of different materials (e.g. monofilament line to braided line) as well as lines of different diameters. If you need to tie lines of different diameters, it´s important to make the first loop with a thicker line.
The Dropper Loop
The Dropper Loop is a loop knot used on multi hook fishing lines. Dropper loop knot is a method of attaching additional flies, baits or jigs to a single fishing line. It can be created in the middle of a long line and forms a loop which is off to the side of the line.
The Berkley Braid Line Knot
The Berkley Braid Knot is a good choice for tying braided lines to hooks, lures and leaders. It was developed in the Berkley lab to retain good knot strength and stops braided lines from slipping out of the knot.
The Uni Knot is a universal multi purpose fishing knot, that can be used for attaching the fishing line to the arbor of a reel, for joining lines, and for attaching lures, snaps, and swivels.
Know your knots
A novice fisherman will go out only with the knowledge of an overhand knot. A real angler wouldn’t dare venture out with such a limited arsenal. So learn these basic knots and you can be sure that at least your knot tying knowledge won´t ruin your fishing trip. There are many more knots, but these are the most common fishing knots. With these knots you can pretty much do anything.