While choosing the best fishing spot, it is very useful to understand the habits of the fish. Fish tend to spend their time in spots that are best for them, be it protection from predators, the right temperature or the availability of sufficient food. The more you know about these the basic habits of the fish, the less chance you will return empty-handed.
Based on my experience and lessons learned from others, I’ve pointed out some tips and tricks you can use while choosing your next fishing spot:
The water temperature needs
Did you know that fish don’t produce any body heat? Therefore, they are looking for the spots that help to maintain their preferred temperature, which is about the same as their own body temperature. According to this, several seasonal patterns occur:
Should we look for the deep or shallow?
The preference of the depth is a response to the combined effect of many factors like temperature, oxygen levels, lightning and feeding opportunities:
Responding to the changes of water level
Fish move between different spots, which is also the response to the changes of water level. When the level decrease, it makes them to move downstream or towards deeper water. It is opposite during the increasing water level.
Fish and feeding
Seeing small fish jumping? It can be a sign of larger fish. Since they are trying to escape from the big ones, it is a good tip to lead you to a good fishing spot. So when catching a plenty of small fish, don’t give up! Wait a bit, a big fish may soon come to eat. Big fish also like frogs and hatching insects, so you can try to look for them as well.
Fish and the need for cover
As other species, fish like to use cover to keep them safe from predators and for getting some rest. Cover is something that helps them to hide or rest, be it deep holes, weeds, rocks, fallen trees, etc. Such areas may be permanently populated by fish.
Predators like darkness
Larger predatory fish are most active in their diet at dusk because they are better able to hide themselves. Turbid water or cloudy weather also reduces the amount of light that can be drawn into the water, so fish species that feed at night (e.g. tench and eel) can also feed during the day.
Fish and spawning
Since the spawning activity makes fish to concentrate in spawning areas, it makes them easier to find and catch. Although fish may reduce their diet during the spawning, they still may attack the lure in order to protect their territory.
PS! Be aware, there may be different restrictions on fishing during the spawning season!
These listed tips can be useful to start with, but are still just a part of the puzzle. While having a deeper interest, there is a lot of additional and interesting sources to look for. Of course, it is very important to practice fishing as much as possible and be out on the water.