Most Common Fish Names in Latin, German, Spanish and 6 Other Different Languages.

There are plenty of fish in the sea, as they like to say. And there really is, each species with their own great name. But in one language the name can be more quaint than in another. Nowadays, there are more or less than 28 000 different species of fish. These wet and scaly friends of ours are deeply interwined with our everyday lives. That´s why I have come up with the table below, so any learner could pick up the different names for fish that have a presence in our hobbies, sports, environment and cuisines. Here (see Table below), I have listed together 44 most common fish names in Latin, German, Spanish and 6 other different languages. It is entertaining to see how colourful our aquatic biota actually is, they are all unique yet share the beauty of being one.

Most common fish names in Latin, German, Spanish.
Our colourful aquatic biota, with more than 28 000 different species of fish.

Here´s the list of the most common fish names in English, Estonian, French, German, Finnish, Swedish, Spanish and also in Latin, if you should ever need a scientific names for these fish. Go discover!

English Estonian Russian Finnish Swedish German French Spanish Latin (scientific)
anchovy anšoovis анчоус sardelli ansjovis anchovis anchois la anchoa engraulis encrasicolus
asp tõugjas жерех toutain asp rapfen aspic áspid aspius aspius
bream latikas лещ lahna braxen brassen, brachen brème brema abramis brama
brown trout jõeforell (ручьевая) форель purotaimen bäcköring bachforelle truite brune trucha marrón salmo trutta trutta morpha fario
burbot luts налим made lake aalquappe lotte lota lota lota
carp karpkala карп, сазан karppi karp karpfen carpe la carpa cyprinus carpio carpio
catfish, wels säga сом monni mal waller, wels poisson-chat, wels el bagre, wels silurus glanis
char paalia aрктический голец nieriä, rautu smaröding seesaibling carboniser carbonizarse salvelinus alpinus
cod tursk треска turska torsk habeljau/dorsch la morue el bacalao gadus morhua
crucian carp koger (золотой) карась ruutana ruda karausche carpe de crucian carpa cruciana carassius carassius
dace teib елец seipi stäm hasel dace albur leuciscus leuciscus
eel angerjas угорь ankerias ål aal anguille Anguila anguilla anguilla
eel pout emakala бельдюга kivinilkka ǻlakusa aalmutter eelpout puchero de la anguila zoarces viviparus
european seabass huntahven лаврак meribassi europeisk havsbass europäische wolfsbarsch bar européen lubina europea dicentrarchus labrax, morone labrax
flounder lest камбала kampela skubba flunder patauger platija platichtys flesus
grayling harjus хариус harjus harr äsche ombre grayling thymallus thymallus
herring heeringas сельдь silli sild hering hareng el arenque clupea harengus
ide säinas язь säyne id aland ide ide leuciscus idus
mackerel makrell Скумбрия makrilli makrill makrele maquereau la caballa, la macarela scomber scombrus
minnow lepamaim голян mutu elritsa elritze vairon pececillo phoxinus phoxinus
octopus kaheksajalg Осьминог mustekala bläckfisk tintenfisch / krake poulpe pulpo octopus vulgaris
perch ahven окунь ahven abborre flußbarsch perche la perca perca fluviatilis
pike haug щука hauki gädda hecht brochet lucio esox lucius
pike-perch, zander koha судак kuha gös zander sandre, sandre lucioperca, zander sander lucioperca
rainbow trout vikerforell радужная форель kirjolohi regnbågelax regenbogenforelle truite arc-en-ciel trucha arcoiris oncorhynchus mykiss
redeye, rudd roosärg красноперка sorva sarv rotfeder redeye, rudd redeye, rudd scardinius erythropht- halmus
river lamprey jõesilm минога nahkiainen flodnejo- nöga flußneue- nauge lamproie de rivière lamprea de rio lampetra fluviatilis
roach särg плотва särki mört rotauge gardon cucaracha rutilus rutilus rutilus
ruffe, pope kiisk ёрш kiiski gärs kaulbarsh ruffe, pape ruffe papa gymnocephalus cernuus
salmon lõhe лосось lohi lax (echter) lachs Saumon el salmón salmo salar
sea trout meriforell кумжа taimen havsöring meerforelle, lachsforelle truite de mer trucha de mar salmo trutta trutta
shark hai Акула hai haj hai (fisch) requin tiburón carchariidae
silver bream nurg густера pasuri björkna güster brème argentée dorada blicca bjoerkna
smelt meritint корюшка kuore nors stint éperlan eperlano osmerus eperlanus
sprat kilu килька kilohaili skarpsill sprotte sprat espadín sprattus sprattus
squid kalmaar Кальмар kalmari bläckfisk kalmar calamar calamar loligo for besi
stickleback ogalik трехиглая колюшка kolmipiiki storspigg dreistacheliger stichling épinoche espinoso gasterosteus aculeatus
sturgeon tuur осетр sampi stör stör esturgeon esturión acipenser sturio
tench linask линь suutari sutare schleie tanche tenca tinca tinca
trout forell Форель taimen öring forelle truite la trucha salmo trutta
tuna tuunikala тунец tonnikala tonfisk thun (fisch) thon atún thunnidae
turbot kammeljas тюрбо piikki- kampela piggvar steinbutt turbot rodaballo psetta maxima
vendace rääbis ряпушка muikku siklöja schnäpel vendace vendace coregonus albula
whitefish merisiig (морской) сиг siika lavaretsik wander- maräne poisson blanc pescado blanco coregonus lavaretus

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